(1387 - 1455)
Vicchio di Mugello, Italy
Style: Early Renaissance
- Madonna and Child with Angels (c. 1425)
- Last Judgement (1431)
- Deposition from the Cross (1437-40)
Dominican Monk Fra Angelico, born Guido di Pietro, devoted his life and art to religion, as he painted in churches all over Italy. Shortly after joining the order, Fra Angelico painted frescoes in the chapel of San Marco, located in the center of Renaissance Florence. In a manner suiting the monastery, the artist rendered the stories of the Gospels simply. Fra Angelico was conservative when compared to his revolutionary contemporaries, however, the beauty of his religious dedication, when manifested in his artwork, suggested the serenity of his vision. He culled the strengths of his predecessors, such as Giotto and the artists of the International Gothic Style, and combined these influences in the San Marco frescoes, barely heeding to the practical challenges of the space. Fra Angelico carefully administered color and handled light while successfully painting receding backgrounds. Despite his fervent loyalty to his calling, the contemporary developments of the Florentine masters were not lost on Fra Angelico. He used the scientific discovery of perspective to govern his compositions, and depicted volume through highlights, as others were doing simultaneously. As a highly revered biblical artist, Fra Angelico's success awarded him the name Angelic or "Angelico." His most remarkable contribution was his ability to revere the traditions of Gothic manuscript illumination before him, while incorporating the modernizations of the Renaissance. Fra Angelico died at a Dominican Convent in Rome in 1455.