(1882 - 1916)
Reggio di Calabria, Italy
- Head + Light + Surroundings (1912)
- Continuous Forms in Space (1913)
- Dynamism of a Cyclist (1913)
Umberto Boccioni believed strongly in the Futurist philosophy, co-signing ‘The Manifesto of the Futurist Painters’ in 1910. Boccioni formally denounced the traditional and customary philosophies of art making and instead, like many of the other members of the Futurist movement, looked to the rationalism of science and technology to inform his work. Boccioni recommended a near complete break with tradition and was an extreme advocate of the Machine Age, believing it to be a step towards the advancement of Italy. Painting was not Boccioni's sole medium; the artist also spent a considerable amount of time sculpting. He represented themes of the city earlier in his work, and subsequently used his work to express a social commentary. Boccioni aimed to capture multiple moments in a single two or three-dimensional venue, always stressing the synthesis of space and motion. In addition, it was of utmost importance to Boccioni to have the human element of emotion present in his work. In this way, the artist viewed objects as possessing a spiritual and emotional aspect in the way that they interact with space. While serving in the Italian Army during the First World War, Boccioni tragically died from injuries that he sustained after being thrown from his horse and subsequently trampled.