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Glossary

Word of the Day!

drafting film


A dimensionally stable polyester-based, plastic-like sheet used by technical illustrators, architects and engi­neers for drawings or plans. It is not affected by heat or chemicals used in reprographic processes, nor does it become yellow or brittle with age. Drafting film may be clear or have a matte finish on one or both sides. Matte film is more receptive to pencil and ink. Ink specifically formulated for drafting film has greater adhesion to slick surfaces. Some film may be coated so that it is recep­tive to water media. Care must be taken not to disturb this coating. Mylar refers to a specific brand of drafting film, but the term is often used generically for polyester film. Acetate is also a plastic-like sheet, but tends to be more brittle and less heat-resistant than drafting film. Either is available in various weights noted in thou­sandths of millimeters: 0.003 being lightweight, while 0.010 is very heavy.


ukiyo-e

Japanese for 'pictures of the floating world'. Ukiyo-e were popular in the seventeenth to nineteenth-centuries, and depicted kabuki actors, landscapes, and folk tales.

Example: Kitagawa Utamaro's Five Kinds of Ink from the Northern Provinces, early 1790's

ultramarine

Blue pigment originally made from ground lapis lazuli. French ultramarine is an artificial substitute.

undercut

Carving to create an overhang; a recess or awkward angle in the surface or form of a three-dimensional object which would prevent easy removal of a cast from a mold. Molds should be designed to eliminate this problem. Ways to cast objects with overhangs include using piece molds and waste molds.

underdrawing

Drawing preliminary to other work, and incorporated into it, thus deprived of independent artistic value. An example is the underdrawing in fresco and panel painting, such as sinopia and abbozzo.

underpainting

The layer or layers of color on a painting surface applied before the overpainting, or final coat. There are many types of underpainting. One type is an all-over tinting of a white ground. Another is a blocked out image in diluted oil colors that serves as a guide for the painter while developing the composition and color effects.

See Also:  abbozzosinopia (or sinopie)grisaille

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