Glossary

Word of the Day!

fixative


A thin varnish, natural or synthetic, that is sprayed over charcoal, pastel and other drawings to protect them from smearing, rubbing, or falling off the paper. All or some will alter the original colors slightly. Common hairsprays work well as student-grade fixatives.


vacuum forming

A method of shaping plastic sheet over a solid relief pattern. The plastic is heated until it is pliable, and when a vacuum is created under the form, the plastic is drawn down onto the pattern like a skin.

jump to top of page

value

An element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a color. Value is an especially important element in works of art when color is absent. This is particularly likely with drawings, woodcuts, lithographs, and photographs. It is also true with most sculpture and architecture.

jump to top of page

value scale

A series of spaces filled with the tints and shades of one color, starting with white or the lightest tint on one end, and gradually changing into the darkest shade or black on the other. An example of a value scale can be seen in the article on value.

jump to top of page

vanishing point

In linear perspective, the place on the horizon where parallel lines seem to meet.

jump to top of page

varnish

A protective transparent finish applied in a liquid state to a surface. One example is glair-- a varnish for tempera paints.

See Also:  acrylic paintoil paintmediumpigmentpolymershellac

jump to top of page

vault

A stone roof shaped in a variation of an arch. There are several types of vaults, including the barrel, corbel, cross, and groin vaults.

Example: Durham Cathedral, England, begun c. 1093 is built with pier-vaults.

jump to top of page

vehicle

Something that moves things around. In the visual arts, usually the liquid, usually water or oil, that is mixed with pigments to make paints, dyes, and inks.

jump to top of page

vellum

Fine parchment, originally calf-skin, used traditionally for manuscript.

jump to top of page

veneer

The thin slice of a material-- often of a rare and expensive material-- applied, generally with an adhesive, but also (and sometimes only) with pins, to a surface of a humbler material. Ebony, rosewood, tulipwood and other exotic woods are more often used as veneers in furniture-making than they are used in a solid form. Most wood veneer is sliced rather than sawn, and taken from a log in a continuously spiraling (voluting) cut, and then flattened. Because of concern that such veneer may be more likely to curl away from its placement, some feel that flatly sawn veneer is preferable. Sawn veneer however, because the saw destroys as much wood as the veneer it produces, is much more expensive. Brass, copper, ivory, mother-of-pearl, pewter, and tortoiseshell can also be used and are often combined with such woods. Semi-precious stones such as lapis lazuli and malachite (also used for inlay) are sometimes employed as a veneer, as are the more showy types of calcite alabaster. Veneering is more easily achieved on a flat surface, but thin slices of wood can be bent, for example into the hollow of a molding. Stone cannot be bent, so its veneering on curved or complex forms is particularly difficult. Also see cladding, intarsia, laminate, marquetry, mosaic, and parquet.

jump to top of page

Venice turpentine

Canada balsam, an oily resin or balsam obtained from conifers.

See Also:  turpentine

jump to top of page

vertex

The highest point; the apex or summit. The point at which the sides of an angle intersect. The point on a triangle or pyramid opposite to and farthest away from its base. A point on a polyhedron common to three or more sides. The plural form can be either vertexes or vertices.

jump to top of page

vertical

Going straight up and down; the opposite of horizontal. A vertical sculpture is taller than it is wide. Portraits are conventionally vertical in their orientation, while landscapes are most often horizontal. Any orientation neither vertical nor horizontal is diagonal.

jump to top of page

vessel

A hollow container, such as a cup, bowl, or vase, for holding something. Its parts include its foot or base, its walls and opening, its rim or lip, and sometimes: shoulders, neck, lid, handle, etc.

jump to top of page

viewfinder

A small window cut in a piece of paper or card that shows what will be in a picture's composition. Or, a window seen through a camera which shows an approximation of a picture the camera would photograph Viewfinders.

jump to top of page

viscosity

The relative resistance of a liquid to stirring or movement, and its stickiness.

jump to top of page

vitrify

To change materials into glass or a glass-like substance through heat fusion. This is the action of a kiln heating ceramic clay and glazes, for instance. A curious example: lightning striking a metal rod partly buried in sand will cause all the sand within a certain distance from the rod to vitrify.

See Also:  ceramicsfiringglass

jump to top of page

void

Containing no matter; empty, negative space.

jump to top of page

volatile

Rapidly evaporating (as are many solvents). Or, tending to vary often or widely; inconstant. Or, capable of quickly becoming violent. (pr. vah"leh-tl')

jump to top of page

volume

Refers to the space within a form. Thus, in architecture, volume refers to the space within a building.

jump to top of page
Latest Product Reviews
Product was just as described on your web page and was delivered promptly. It was packaged well and arrived with no damage. I am very pleased with the product.
- Eddy A. in Owensboro, KY
These can be hard to work with. They are much lighter than embossing powders. A slight disturbance before they are set makes the powder go everywhere, all over the room. Even when I watercolored with them, the powder rubs off. I have had to order a setting spray. I had hoped to color modeling paste with them, but they don't really dissolve very well. I have been watching videos and hope to learn more. They are very beautiful.
- Victoria B. in Beaufort, SC
Awesome! Very light and balanced
- bonnie roper in pensacola
Free Download for Kids

Download free coloring book pages Download FREE coloring
book pages to color at
home or school.

View Pages »